Dialysis takes the waste from your blood. Wastes and fluids buildup between dialysis treatments. Normally, this build up is small and does not cause a problem between regular dialysis treatments but if your dialysis must be delayed, these wastes and fluids can add up and cause problems. To keep the buildup of protein wastes (BUN), potassium, and fluid as small as possible, you need to follow a special strict diet. This diet plan is not a substitute for dialysis.
The 3-Day Emergency Diet Plan limits your protein (meat, fish, poultry, and eggs), your potassium (fruits and vegetables), salt and fluid intake more strictly than your regular renal diet. This diet provides about 40 grams of protein, 1,500 milligrams (mg) of sodium, and 1,500 mg of potassium per day.
If you cannot get to dialysis, your life can depend on limiting the amount of waste that builds up in your blood by following this diet. Look at this diet plan with your renal dietitian to see if it will work for you, or to see if it needs to be modified to fit your special health needs. This gives you a chance to ask questions before an emergency occurs. If you are on PD and cannot get to your supplies to do your exchanges, this emergency diet may also apply to you. You should make every attempt to get to dialysis within 3 days. But if it takes longer, be sure to continue the 3-Day Emergency Diet Plan until you can get your dialysis treatment.
The meals can be stored and prepared with little or no refrigeration. If your refrigerator is still working, use fresh milk, meat, and poultry in the amounts listed in the diet. Your food may stay fresh for a few days if your refrigerator is not working if you limit the times you open the door. Use the fresh food first, before you start to use the canned food. One egg or 1 ounce (oz.) of meat that has been kept at a safe temperature can be switched for 2 tablespoons (tbsp.) of peanut butter or 1 oz. of low sodium canned fish or poultry.